Industrial Emissions Directive
Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions (integrated pollution prevention and control)


The Industrial Emissions Directive ("IED") replaces Directive 2008/1/EC concerning integrated pollution prevention and control ("IPPC Directive") and six other directives in a single directive on industrial emissions as of 7 January 2014, with the exemption of the Large Combustion Plants Directive, which will be repealed with effect from 1 January 2016. In essence, it is about minimising pollution from various industrial sources throughout the European Union. Operators of industrial installations operating activities covered by Annex I of the IED are required to obtain an integrated permit from the authorities in the EU countries. About 50.000 installations were covered by the IPPC Directive and the IED will cover some new activities which could mean the number of installations rising slightly.

The IED is based on several principles, namely (1) an integrated approach, (2) best available techniques, (3) flexibility, (4) inspections and (5) public participation.



EU Parliament and EU Council
Date / journal vol no.
Signed: 24 November 2010 Entered into force: 6 January 2011