The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal was adopted in 1989 and it came into force in 1992. With 178 Parties (as at 31 December 2011), it has nearly universal membership. The overarching objective of the Convention is to protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects of hazardous wastes. One of the identified priority waste streams is electrical and electronic waste (e-waste), in particular used and end-of-life equipment from the ICT sector.
The Secretariat is administered by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and is mandated by the Conference of the Parties to the Basel Convention to support Parties in the implementation of the Convention. The Secretariat is located in Geneva, Switzerland.